Bulbous Chervil is a biennial or perennial plant, less often an annual with a well-developed ovoid root with an upright, hollow and branched stem, up to 180 cm in height. A tuberous extension is visible at the base of the stem. In the lower part, the stem is covered with purple spots and without grooves, covered with hard hairs. Bare on top, often "bloated" in places of knots.
The leaves are grayish green. The upper leaves are almost sessile, the lower ones on long stems.
Inflorescences - complex cymes with 12-20 smooth rays. The petals are small, white in color. Blooms from the end of May until August. A good honey plant. The fruits ripen in August. Fruits - elongated seeds.
All parts of the Bulbous Chervil are used for medicinal purposes. The harvested plant is divided into pieces and dried on sieves in a shady and well-ventilated place. The plant needs to be stirred from time to time so that rot does not appear on it and the plant does not rot. It is recommended to store the dried drug in paper or cloth bags in a dark place. The drug is valid for one year.
The rhizomes of Bulbous Chervil are harvested from August to November (until the first frosts appear). The rhizomes are rinsed in running water and then cut into small pieces. Drying is recommended in forced dryers, not exceeding 50C. Dried rhizomes are stored in a dark and dry place for no longer than two years.
The volatile alkaloid herophyllin is found in all parts of the plant, essential substances and about 20% starch in the rhizomes. The aerial part of the plant contains up to 0.7% flavonoids, up to 1.6% coumarins, up to 0.4% essential oil and up to 7mg% vitamin C. The energy value of the plant is 20kcal.
The flavonoids in the plant have a beneficial effect on blood circulation and also strengthen blood vessel walls. Vitamin C, which is present in very large quantities, will strengthen the immune system, and it also participates in the synthesis of collagen, which helps the skin not to age. Coriander also acts as a mild diuretic, tonic, tonic and anti-inflammatory.
Of course, Bulbous Chervil is used much more widely in folk medicine. All parts of the plant are used for medicinal purposes. The fresh juice of the plant helps to treat jaundice, tuberculosis, respiratory tract inflammation, fever and dizziness. For the treatment of children, the juice of the plant is used to prevent inflammation of the lymph nodes. Skin diseases, wounds and boils can also be treated with the juice. For this purpose, the juice is used externally and undiluted with water.
A decoction of the rhizome of the Bulbous Chervil is known as an effective remedy for the treatment of the digestive tract. But to improve digestion, a decoction of the leaves of this plant is used. Bladder and kidney inflammations, as well as edema caused by these inflammations, can also be treated with such a decoction.
Settlements of the surface part of the plant improve the functioning of the immune system. It can be used as a tonic and at the same time strengthening agent. In the case of colds and difficult-to-remove sputum, this solution is drunk as a preventive measure.
The Bulbous Chervil are effective in cases of avitaminosis, varicose veins, diabetes and hypertension. In addition, the plant has a mild sedative effect and helps improve memory.