Breckland Thyme is a perennial, creeping plant with a strong, pleasant aroma. Stems thin, woody in the lower part, red-brown, creeping. With raised branches, up to 10-15cm in height. Stems also often root themselves with lateral roots. The leaves are small, elongated, elliptical, covered with glands, the edges are covered with long hairs. The flowers are small, pink or pink-purple, collected in a bulbous inflorescence. Fruits, ellipsoidal dark brown nuts, up to 6 mm long. The plant blooms in June-July, the fruits ripen in August-September.
For medicinal purposes, the above-ground part of the plant is used, which is collected during the flowering phase by cutting the leafy upper parts of the plant with secateurs, without collecting the woody parts. The plant is dried in well-ventilated rooms or in a forced dryer not exceeding 35-40C. After drying, the stems are separated from the leaves and flowers, the stems are not placed in the pot.
contains essential oils up to 1.7% with a proportion of phenols - thymol and liquid carvacrol. Cymol, borneol, terpinene, terpineol are found in insignificant amounts in the essential oil. The plant also contains tannins, ursulic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid and oleic acid, flavonoids, gums, bitter substances, macro and micro elements.
Preparations of breckland Thyme have many medicinal properties. A decoction of the plant promotes expectoration and acts as an antimicrobial agent.
Breckland Thyme enhances the secretion of the bronchial glands, stimulates the activity of the epithelium of the upper respiratory tract, liquefies the mucus in the respiratory tract and accelerates the evacuation of inflammatory materials from the respiratory tract.
Breckland Thyme preparations contribute to the dissolution of deposits. In case of dry injuries of the neck and throat, the plant creates a protective layer for the mucous membrane. Thanks to the flavonoids present in the plant, it produces an antispasmodic effect, which is not insignificant in the expectoration process.
Under the influence of thymol and carvacrol, breckland Thyme is effective in the case of inflammatory processes, resistance of pathogenic microflora to antibiotics. Even if the preparation contains small amounts of these phenolic compounds, it will produce a pronounced antimicrobial effect. Thymol has a destructive effect on the pathogenic flora of trees and gram-negative microorganisms. The effectiveness of thymol against pathogenic fungi has also been determined. It can also be used against tapeworms and some roundworms.
Preparations of breckland Thyme are also successfully used for the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which are associated with reduced secretion of gastric juice, atony and intestinal spasms. Plant-based preparations reduce stomach pain, normalize digestion, improve gas output, promote the secretion of gastric juice, relieve spasms of the stomach and intestinal tract. Due to the disinfecting properties of the plant, it normalizes the intestinal microflora.
The effect of breckland Thyme on the human body is quite wide and versatile. In folk medicine, it is used in the form of infusion and decoction for internal and external use. They are used orally in case of infestation of respiratory organs, stomach, intestines, urinary bladder, worms, and they are also useful as a blood purifier, diaphoretic and diuretic.
The plant is used to treat febrile cough, chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, headache, insomnia, gastritis, gastric ulcer, dyspepsia, gastric atony, colic, flatulence, kidney function disorders, dysmenorrhea, alcoholism psychoses.
The thymol present in the essential oil can be used to treat diarrhea, flatulence, to reduce fermentation processes in the intestines, to treat actinomycosis of the lungs and skin.
In the form of compresses and applications, decoctions can be used to treat radiculitis, sacral neuralgia, arthritis, muscle inflammation and neuritis.
A decoction of fresh or dried herb is used for anemia, catarrh, stomach and intestinal cancer, some nervous system diseases, liver diseases, scurvy. As well as a blood-purifying and body-strengthening agent.
A concentrated plant extract is recommended as a mouthwash to relieve toothaches, as well as to treat sore throats; as applications to treat conjunctivitis and blepharitis; as compresses in case of skin hernias.
are used to prepare aromatic baths, especially if it is necessary to treat rickets and scrofula.
is a good helper to clean the skin from acne and clean up oily skin.