An evergreen and perennial plant, 10-30 cm tall, with a weakly developed root system. Stems erect or elevated, forked branched. The age of plant sod can exceed 100 years, every year the sod increases by 1-4 cm. Leaves (phylloids) multifaceted, up to 1 mm wide, dark green, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, sharp, leathery, hard, spirally arranged on the stem. Spores do not form cobs. The spore carriers are round, develop in the middle and upper leaf margins - they are difficult to recognize because they do not differ from vegetative leaves in terms of shape, size and color. The spores mature in July-August, but it directly depends on the climate zone. Gametophytes bisexual, support numerous antheridia and archegonia.
The above-ground part of the plant is used for medicinal purposes. The surface part is collected in August-September, after the spore period. Cut both green and yellowing shoots. Do not uproot them under any circumstances, because the root system regenerates for a long time.
The collected plants are dried in a well-ventilated room by spreading them on a cloth or a fine mesh, and they can also be dried in forced dryers at a temperature not exceeding 50C. Store finished drug in paper bags, away from other drugs. The drug can be stored for up to 3 years.
Fir clubmoos contains a large amount of alkaloids (lycopodine, nicotine, annotinine, clavatine, pseudoselagine, acrifoline clavatoxine, selagine, selagonene, seratidine, huperazine, etc.), flavonoids, resins, mucilages, glycosides, protein and pectin compounds, dozens of seratan-type triterpene compounds, organic acids and fatty acids, which consist of glycerides of oleic, palmitic, and other acids.
A non-drying oil based on triglycerides of oleic acid, stearic acid, palmitic acid, arachinic acid has been found in the spores of the decoction.
The chemical composition of the potion also ensures its effect, first of all, it is already intelligent, pioptic and debilitating. When using the plant orally, sweating, diarrhea, convulsions, dizziness, speech disorders can be observed, when used together with alcohol, the vomiting reflex also appears - it is often used when dishonestly treating someone from alcoholism (it should only be used on oneself!!!)
In folk medicine, this plant is mainly used to wean yourself off alcohol. This plant is also used in complex therapy against pulmonary tuberculosis, diseases of the urinary system, neurasthenia, glaucoma, convulsions, metabolic disorders, as well as as a laxative, diuretic, anti-inflammatory agent in case of cystitis, also as an anti-helminthic and anti-tumor agent.
Externally, conjunctivitis, baldness, various skin diseases - dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, etc. are treated with this plant.