is a perennial, winter-hardy plant. Can grow up to 150cm in length. The rhizome of the
is horizontal, long, creeping, thick with many roots in the lower part. Usually, a vegetative bud and leafless inflorescence stems are formed in the market of every ninth leaf (the leaves are rooted in a rosette). Buds form new rhizomes, which later separate from the mother plant. Inflorescences - false cymes, which consists of 3 top inflorescences. Flowers pink. The fruit has air chambers that allow it to float until it reaches the shore.
For medicinal purposes, the root of the
is used. It is harvested in spring or late autumn, when it is the richest in starch and protein. Roots are dug, cleaned, cut lengthwise and into pieces, dried a little and then dried at a temperature not exceeding 80C.
The dried rhizomes of
contain 60% starch, 14-15% protein, 3.6% fat, as well as fiber and sugar, which gives the root a sweet taste. The rhizome also contains vitamin C, gums and saponins.
The presence of saponins in the plant underlies the expectorant properties of the plant. It is this substance that increases the secretion of the glands, which contributes to the liquefaction of sputum. The diuretic effect of saponins allows the use
as a diuretic. In large doses, the plant's organic compounds cause diarrhea, so the root of this plant is often used as a laxative.
Vitamin C acts as an anti-inflammatory and antipyretic agent on the body.
This plant has been known in folk medicine for a long time. Applications of fresh juice from the leaves of the plant are used to treat scabies, vitiligo and various dermatoses. A decoction of the rhizome is used as a laxative, as well as a diuretic in case of edema and ascites. It is recommended to be used in case of fever, bronchitis and dry cough. Chopped pieces of the root are used in the form of applications, as an anti-inflammatory agent in case of infiltrates and blockages of various upper layers of the skin.