Small, perennial plant 5-15 cm, with a creeping root system and creeping surface shoots. Stems four-sided, branched, with raised, flowering shoots, 10-40 cm long, bare at the bottom, leafy and covered with hairs at the top.
Blue violet flowers on average 3-4 flowers per plant. The seeds of the plant divide into 4 nuts.
The plant is harvested during flowering.
is used both fresh and dried. The plant is dried in a shady, well-ventilated place by spreading the plant in a small layer on cloth or sieves. Can also be dried in forced dryers, not exceeding a temperature of 35C. The obtained drugs are stored in cardboard boxes or glass jars. Stored no longer than one year.
The surface part of the
seed contains tannins, bitter substances, choline, carotene, ascorbic acid, resins, free amino acids, gums, saponins, essential oils, trace elements (potassium, molybdenum, titanium, zinc, manganese and others), aldehydes, phenol carbonate and organic acids, as well as triterpenoids.
has expectorant, anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. The active substances of the plant also act as an anti-cold, choleretic, wound-healing and anti-sclerotic agent. It promotes digestive processes and improves appetite.
Decoctions and infusions of ivy have antibacterial, hypotensive, antitumor, choleretic properties and the plant is recommended to enhance lactation. The plant, as an additional remedy, can be used in the treatment of diseases of the stomach, liver, spleen, as well as any other diseases accompanied by fever - the plant will relieve the condition. The plant will also help remove stones from the kidneys and bladder.
In folk medicine,
seed is used as an anti-inflammatory, digestive and metabolic stimulating, wound-healing agent, it helps bone tissue to regenerate in case of fracture, improves blood circulation and liquefies phlegm.
After long-term illnesses, decoctions of ivy seeds are used in baths.