The Groundsel plant is a biennial plant with an upright, sparsely branched stem. Leaves glabrous or covered with “spider web” hairs, arranged alternately, divided into tufts with toothed parts. The flower baskets are small, cylindrically arranged in a shield-shaped inflorescence. Flowers yellow, cymes only. Fruit a seed with hairs. The plant grows on average 15-40cm. The plant can be found flowering from early spring to late autumn.
For medicinal purposes, roots, leaves, stems of flowers are collected and the juice is also pressed. The plant is harvested during flowering and dried in a shaded, well-ventilated room. Roots are dug in early spring or late autumn, when the surface part has already dried up. Juice is pressed from fresh plants in spring and summer.
Alkaloids (senecifylline, senecin, seneceonin, ridelin, etc.) were found in the leaves and stems of common cruciferous plant, in the flowers - platyphyllin, seneciphyllin, ascorbic acid, rutin, dyes, inulin, vitamin C, mineral salts. The leaves of the plant contain 54-61mg% carotene.
Groundsel is used as an anti-worm, sedative, anti-convulsive, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, emollient, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing agent. It also has antispasmodic, hypotensive and bleeding properties, and it can be used to "call" and regulate the menstrual cycle.