Globeflower is a perennial plant 20-90 cm high, with a short taproot and a small bunch of additional taproots. The leaves are arranged alternately, divided, on long petioles. Flowers of both sexes, actinomorphic, 3-5 cm in diameter, spherical.
The plant blooms in April-May. It is interesting that the plant blooms with seemingly unopened flowers, the flowers are pollinated by small flies.
The entire surface part of the plant, rarely the roots, is used for medicinal purposes. The plant is dried as usual in a shaded and well-ventilated place, stirring the drying material frequently so that it does not start to rot. It is recommended to collect this plant in places where it is abundant so as not to destroy the plant. The plant is stored in closed paper bags for no longer than one year.
More often, this plant is used at the beginning of summer, fresh, because some of its medicinal properties are lost when it dries.
Globeflower is rich in alkaloids. The whole plant contains an alkaloid (magnoflorine), nitrogenous compounds (choline), flavonoids (vitexin and orientin). Phenolic carbonate acids (n-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, sinapic acid), flavonoids (kaempferol, etc.) were found in the leaves of the plant. The flowers contain flavonoid (orientin), carotenoids (carotene, xanthophyll, trolixanthin, etc.). Alkaloids, enzyme lipase, vegetable fat (<32%) were found in the seeds.
Globeflower (usually roots and flowers) has antibacterial, antispasmodic, diuretic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory and anti-edematous properties. The plant causes a weak expansion of the liver vessels, reduces the tone of the smooth muscles of the digestive tract and gall bladder.
In folk medicine, Globeflower is used with particular care because it is toxic. The roots and flowers of the plant are used as antispasmodic, diuretic and anti-inflammatory agents; externally, as a remedy for scabies.
Aqueous solution of fresh grass of the Globeflower (1:20) is used in case of digestive tract problems and neoplasms (cancer). In ancient times, this plant was used to treat scurvy, jaundice, hemorrhoids, epilepsy and various types of edema.
With the setting of this plant, animals were washed against various insects.