Ramsons is a perennial plant with a strong garlic aroma. The bulb plant has an elongated shape. Ramsons stem without leaves, up to 40 cm tall. Leaf roots in a rosette, elliptic-lanceolate, similar to lily of the valley leaves, on petioles, 2-3 leaves on each plant. The flowers are regular, bisexual, small, white-green, arranged in a corymbose inflorescence. The plant blooms in June-July. Fruits - boxes with small, black seeds, ripen in July-August. The plant reproduces by seeds and bulbs.
The stems and leaves are harvested before the plant has started to bloom (May, early June), the bulbs are harvested after the seeds have matured. Basically, this plant is used for food, both fresh and pickled, and as a spice. Young leaves, stems and onions are used in salads, often onions are also dried and ground into powder - further used as a spice.
Ramsons contains vitamin A, B1, B2, C, PP, folic acid, niacin, iodine, fluorine, calcium, selenium, zinc, amino acids. Glycoside alanine and essential oil are found in leaves, stem and bulb. The plant contains a lot of ascorbic acid (leaves <0.73% and bulbs <0.10%). The essential oil contains vinyl sulfide, mercaptan and an aldehyde of unknown structure. In addition, all parts of the plant contain proteins, fructose, mineral salts, phytoncides, lysozyme and carotene.
Thanks to the chemical composition of the plant, it stimulates the activity of the digestive tract, has a beneficial effect on blood composition, cleanses the skin, helps against colds, strengthens the immune system, helps improve the functioning of the cardiovascular system, accelerates metabolism, and is characterized by a pronounced bactericidal effect.
In folk medicine, Ramsons is used as an anti-scurvy, anti-worm, appetite-enhancing, digestive tract, anti-fever and anti-cold remedy.
In fresh form, Ramsons is recommended for the treatment of hypertensive diseases, thyroid diseases, hypo- and hyperthyroidism, atherosclerosis. It is useful for vitamin C supplementation as well as an anthelmintic. Ramsons drops juice in the ears, in case of purulent inflammations. Externally, alcohol extracts of Ramsons are used to treat cough and rheumatism. Crushed Ramsons leaves and juice are successfully used in the treatment of various skin diseases, especially scabies and skin carp.
Scientists of folk medicine still recommend using Ramsons extracts in case of fever and rheumatic pain, by rubbing them externally.
Ramsons can also be used in case of diabetes, mainly it is used during the diabetes diet.