A small tree or shrub, the height of which rarely exceeds 3 m. It is grown as a fruit tree with valuable fruits - they have a pronounced medicinal effect.
Fruits are mainly used for medicinal purposes. Buckthorn fruits are harvested in late autumn, when they acquire a distinct yellow or reddish hue. Fruits can also be harvested in winter. The fruits are collected without cutting the branches of the tree - this will injure the tree for a long time. Fresh fruits are kept in a dark room for up to 3 days, frozen for up to 6 months.
Buckthorn is a strong source of vitamins, it contains essential amino acids, as well as omega-3,6,9 and rare omega-7.
According to the amount of vitamins in the fruit, buckthorn is the king among all fruit trees. The fruit contains a whole complex of vitamins (C, B1, B2, B6, B9, E, P, PP), organic acids (citric acid, malic acid, tartaric acid), carotenoids (carotene 60%, cryptoxanthin, zeaxanthin, physalene), folic acid, tannins , flavonoids, phospholipids, sugar, vegetable fat up to 8%, trace elements (cobalt, nickel, vanadium, manganese, silver, copper, iron, silicon), mineral salts, pectins; fruit seeds also contain vitamins, vegetable fat up to 12.5%, carotene; coumarins, triterpene acids, inositol, vitamin complex, tannins, polyphenols are found in the leaves of the plant; the wood itself contains up to 10% tannin; the bark contains the alkaloid hippopheine and tannins.
Buckthorn has many medicinal properties: adaptogenic and good antioxidant properties, as well as bactericidal, pain-relieving, anti-inflammatory and epithelizing properties. Buckthorn preparations have a beneficial effect on metabolism, digestion, and destroy pain-causing bacteria. SBuckthorn improves the condition of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Helps treat uterine erosion and other gynecological diseases, acts on various eye diseases. Enhances cell regeneration after various types of operations, lowers blood pressure, tones and improves blood circulation, as well as restores the healthy appearance of the skin. Helps the body get rid of toxins, restores strength after long-term illnesses, increases the body's defenses.
Oxycoumarins prevent the formation of blood clots and the coumarins in the juice together with flavonoids have anti-tumor activity.
Buckthorn oil protects biological membranes from the effects of chemical agents, has a pronounced antimicrobial effect, promotes rapid healing of wounds, cuts, erosion and has a stimulating effect on the treatment of trophic ulcers and radiation damage. Helps regenerate skin cells and relieves pain.
This plant has been known in folk medicine for a long time. In ancient times, buckthorn fruits and bark were used against dysentery. The seeds were used as a mild laxative, the leaves for rheumatism and to treat skin diseases. Fruits are used for hypo- and avitaminosis, as well as in case of general exhaustion of the body. In folk medicine, fruit decoction and oil are used to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, mucosal injuries and angina, gum disease, anemia, exhaustion and scurvy, and are also used as pain relievers.
Decoctions of leaves and berries are used to treat gout, seeds - as a laxative. Buckthorn oil effectively helps in the treatment of trophic ulcers, burns, lupus, eczema and bedsores.
In home cosmetology, leaf and fruit decoctions are used orally to strengthen hair roots and improve the condition of the scalp.
Buckthorn oil is taken orally and applied to the nail plates to improve the nail structure. You can also apply compresses (masks) by mashing fruits and leaves into a paste to improve the condition of dry skin.