Mugwort is a perennial plant that often reaches up to 1.5 m in height. The stem is erect, woody on the underside, brown-red, strongly branched and densely leafy. The leaves grow alternately, the leaves are up to 20 cm long, the lower ones are on short stems, the upper ones are sessile. The leaves are divided into two or three parts, tufted, with smooth or slightly serrated edges. The upper side of the leaf is dark green, the lower side is silvery gray. Inflorescences are numerous, located at the base of the plant, in the form of spikes. The fruit is formed as a spindle-shaped cotyledon. Blooms from June-July to August-September.
The plant likes to grow on roadsides, fences, clearings and dumps. In the past, special magical properties were attributed to this plant, on Ligo, wreaths were made from them, which protected against any magical effects for the whole year. This plant has been used in medicine since ancient times.
For medicinal purposes, the above-ground part of the plant is used, but the root can also be used. The above-ground part is harvested throughout the flowering period. For medicinal purposes, the upper part of the plant, which has not yet had time to become woody, is harvested. Hay is dried in bundles or on sieves, spreading them in a thin layer, occasionally turning the plant to the other side, as usual - in well-ventilated rooms that are not exposed to direct sunlight. The shelf life of the drug is 3 years. The smell of the plant is not there, very pleasant - the smell is balsamic, the taste is a bit bitter.
The parts of the root that have not become woody are harvested in late autumn or early spring - the root of the plant can be harvested when its stems have dried up and have not yet resumed growth. The excavated roots are cleaned of sand, rinsed in cold running water, cut out the soft parts and dried on sieves or in forced dryers not exceeding 60C. The validity period of the roots is 3 years.
The plant contains a lot of bitter substances and essential oils. The essential oil includes cineole, borneol and the ketone thujone. In addition, carotene, thiamine, ascorbic acid, aldehydes, choline, inulin are also found in the plant. The roots contain up to 1% essential oil, mucilage, tannins and resins, inulin, vegetable oil, sugar; in leaves - carotene, ascorbic acid.
The plant also contains artemisinin (used to treat cancer) and santonin (an anti-helminthic).
Water infusions and decoctions of common waterwort have soothing, antipyretic, anticonvulsant, bleeding stopping, temperature reducing, wound healing, generally strengthening properties, as well as the functioning of the digestive organs and improve appetite.
Mugwort affects the action of histamine, which increases the permeability of capillaries. Medicine pays little attention to Mugwort , giving preference to its "strong" sister - wormwood, although in terms of effect, Mugwort can be equivalent, maybe a little weaker, but gentler in its effect. But Mugwort can also be used as wormwood to stimulate the release of gastric juice and bowel function, it promotes the return of bile and improves liver function. Mugwort is a great alternative to wormwood, because not everyone can stand the taste of wormwood, of course, if used for appropriate purposes, because wormwood also has other properties that Mugwort does not have.
A decoction of the surface part of Vybotne is used to stimulate the appetite, as an analgesic and sedative in case of neurasthenia and intestinal colitis. The plant is widely used in homeopathy.
In folk medicine, preparations are used to treat gastritis, insomnia, convulsions, bronchial asthma; externally - for washing wounds and ulcers. Also in the medicine of other nations, this herb is used orally as a pain reliever, diaphoretic, anti-helminth and sedative. Also used in case of kidney stones; externally - for the treatment of rickets, rinsing in case of inflammation of the oral mucosa, to treat long non-healing wounds.
In folk medicine, Mugwort seeds are used to treat impotence and inflammation of the urinary tract. In mixtures, the plant is used for prostate adenoma and nephrolithiasis.