The flowers are small, greenish-white with pink edges, which are placed in leaf axils. Five petals. The fruit is a three-sided nut, which is often longer than the lateral sepals (1-3 mm long). Propagated by seeds. The plant blooms throughout the summer, the fruits ripen from July to September.
The above-ground part of the plant is used for medicinal purposes. The plant is collected throughout the flowering period, collecting the tops of the plant up to 40 cm long. Dry the plant in the attic or in well-ventilated rooms, as well as in the field, but in a shaded place, spreading the plant in a thin layer (2-3 cm) on cloth or paper, stirring occasionally.
Tannins (1.8-4.8%) have been found in equal-leaved Knotgrass; flavonoids (up to 9.4%); avicularin, hyperin, isoramnetin, myricetin, quercetin, kaempferol; essential oil; vitamin C, E and carotene; coumarins: scopoletin, umbelliferone; phenolic acids (gallic acid, caffeic acid, beta-coumaric acid, chlorogenic acid); anthraquinones, silicic acid compounds (up to 4.5%), resins, mucilages, fats, sugar, macroelements: potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron; trace elements.
Equal-leaved Knotgrass preparations have many medicinal properties: they increase diuresis, have anti-inflammatory and antiseptic effects, have anti-toxic properties, help to remove small-sized stones from the kidneys.
Phytopreparations of the plant, together with urine, remove excess sodium and chlorine ions from the body, which, as a result, increases the filtration capacity of the kidneys.
Silicic acid compounds present in the equal-leaved Knotgrass also have a beneficial effect, they are excreted in urine in high concentrations. Passing through the ureters, they create a protective colloid function, reduce the concentration of mineral salts, thus preventing the formation of stones in the urinary bladder (urates).
Flavonoids, silicic acid compounds, and tannins contained in the equal-leaved Knotgrass reduce the permeability of blood vessel walls, increase blood coagulation, increase the contraction function of all smooth muscle organs, mainly increase the contraction of the uterus.
Galena preparations have a beneficial effect on the function of the digestive tract due to tannins that have antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and astringent effects. Oral use of nightshade not only reduces the inflammation of the stomach and intestinal walls, but also suppresses the bacterial flora, reduces resorption from the intestines, and stops internal bleeding.
Polysaccharides present in the plant stimulate reparative processes in the gastric mucosa in case of artificially induced destructive injuries.
In folk medicine, this plant is used particularly widely. Equal-leaved Knotgrass is used as an astringent, anti-inflammatory, choleretic, diuretic, antiseptic, spasmolytic, pain-relieving, diaphoretic, fever-reducing, emollient, expectorant, laxative, anthelmintic, hypotensive, wound-healing agent.
The medicinal properties of equal-leaved Knotgrass are used to get rid of kidney stones and stones in the urinary bladder, treat colds, bronchitis, pneumonia, pleurisy, scratchy cough, bronchial asthma, pulmonary tuberculosis, insomnia, inflammation of the oral cavity, gastritis, dysentery, liver disease, digestive tract , biliary tract, gall bladder, skin diseases, ureters, rheumatism and stomach ulcer.
The setting acts on the function of the uterus and ovaries and is useful as a blood-stopping agent in case of uterine bleeding. There are reports that thanks to this plant, many women have been cured of infertility.
Fresh and crushed grass or its juice is used as an application for the treatment of burns; when combined with other herbs to treat diarrhea and hemorrhoids.