Trifid Bur-marigold is an annual plant up to 30-100 cm tall. The roots are peg-shaped, strongly branched. Stems erect, with oppositely arranged branching. The leaves are oppositely arranged on short stems, divided into three parts at the base, dark green. The flowers are yellow, tubular, arranged in one inflorescence box. After flowering and fruit formation, the boxes remain dark. Fruits-wedge-shaped, compressed seeds, with one edge, inverted-ovoid, with a pointed end. The seeds are covered with teeth that point downwards. Seed 5-8mm long, 2-3mm wide. The plant blooms from June to September, the seeds ripen at the end of September.
The above-ground part of the plant is used for medicinal purposes. Trifid Bur-marigold is harvested when the plant is getting ready to bloom and at the beginning of the flowering period. Collect the upper part of the plant 10-15 cm long. Drying is carried out in well-ventilated rooms not accessible to the sun or in forced dryers, not exceeding a temperature of 45C.
Carotene, essential oil, bitter substances, vitamin C, mucilaginous substances, lactones, amines, macro and microelements have been found in Trifid Bur-marigold. Flavonoids: luteolin, isocorepsin, cinnaroside, butein, sulfuretin, sulfurein, umbelliferone, scopoletin and esculetin.
Trifid Bur-marigold has many healing properties. The anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties are attributed to the polyphenolic compounds present in the plant, which are made up of bitter substances.
It is beneficial to make an oil extract from the Trifid Bur-marigold, which will have a high content of carotene, which is well soluble in oil! This extract will have anti-inflammatory and wound healing properties.
The healing properties of Trifid Bur-marigold are directly related to the content of ascorbic acid and manganese in the plant. The content of manganese ions affects blood production, its coagulation and the functioning of internal glands.
This plant is also effective in the treatment of various skin allergies, it is associated with the plant's choleretic properties. The plant is classified as a choleretic agent. The flavonoids and polysaccharides in the plant work together to act on the choleretic properties of the liver.
The position of the Trifid Bur-marigold has a sedative effect, lowers blood pressure, increases the amplitude of heart contraction, slightly enhances the contraction function of smooth muscle organs.
In case of a cold, Trifid Bur-marigold is used as a diaphoretic, diuretic, vitamin and anti-allergic agent.
The plant improves the metabolism, therefore the Trifid Bur-marigold is used for the treatment of diathesis, scrofula, neurodermatitis and seborrhea of the scalp. Externally, this plant is used to prepare baths and applications for the treatment of skin diseases. The plant slightly dries the damaged skin, thereby speeding up the healing process.
The alcohol extract and ointment of the Trifid Bur-marigold have been clinically studied, in which the anti-inflammatory effect of the agents and the ability to stimulate the activity of the adrenal glands were observed. Alcoholic extract and ointment were applied to psoriasis patients for 12-15 days. At the end of 1 week, the patients' skin stopped peeling, the "signs" of psoriasis began to disappear and remain paler. At the end of 2 weeks, stopped using the alcohol extract orally and continued to use only the ointment. As a result, 96% of patients experienced a resolution of their psoriasis symptoms or an improvement in their general condition, and only 4% had no success with this therapy. And by the way, no side effects were observed during the experiment.
A 90% alcohol extract of the Trifid Bur-marigold shows good results against Plasmodium falciparum (malaria).
Trifid Bur-marigold is a recognized plant in the folk medicine of various countries. In folk medicine, this plant is used as a diuretic, diaphoretic, respiratory disease, scrofula, metabolic disorder, blood disease, scabies, indigestion, toothache, as well as an anti-allergic and anti-diathesis remedy. Trifid Bur-marigold is often used as a vitamin remedy, in case of various lung diseases, skin ulcers and ulcerative colitis.
Orally, the extract of this plant should be used in case of salt deposition, rheumatism, bleeding, hypertension, nervous disorders, urticaria, as well as to improve appetite.
Bathed with a decoction of Trifid Bur-marigold to cleanse the skin of acne and make it soft. It can also be used to wash children, in case of various skin diseases, inflammations and rashes.
Various oil extracts of the plant are used in case of various hard-to-treat and non-healing skin injuries and diseases. You can also make applications from the leaves of the plant!