Field Penny-cress is an annual plant with an upright, often branched stem 20-30 cm tall. The plant is bare, a little succulent. The root system is peg-shaped. Leaves simple, alternately arranged, without leaflets; rhizome leaves arranged in a rosette, lower leaves on stems, upper sessile, elongated or arrow-shaped, with toothed margins.
Flowers bisexual, bipartite, symmetrical, small and white, collected in a shield. Fruit - a pod flattened at the edges (about 15 mm in diameter), two-part. Seeds without endosperm, brown, uneven and oily. One plant is able to produce 10-50 thousand seeds, which provide several generations. Field Penny-cress flower begins to bloom gradually around the middle of spring and blooms until autumn. The entire surface part of the plant is used for medicinal and food purposes.
The above-ground part of the plant and its seeds are used in medicine. Collect the plant during the flowering period, starting from May to August, the seeds are collected a little later, when the plant matures - end of August, beginning of September.
The plant is dried in the fresh air or in well-ventilated rooms, hidden from direct sunlight. The obtained drug is stored in cardboard boxes or bags in a dry place. The drug is valid for 1 year.
The chemical composition of the plant has not been studied enough, but flavonoids have been found in it: apigenin, luteolin; thioethers; allisulfidesl glucosinates: in all parts of the plant - sinigrin, glucocaparin; isothiocyanates: in seeds - allyl isothiocyanate, 1-butene-4-isothiocyanate; higher fatty acids: in seeds - linolenic acid, linoleic acid, erucic acid, arachidic acid, oleic acid, tetracoseic acid, stearic acid, nervonic acid; vegetable fat: in seeds up to 33%. In addition to all this, alkaloids, glycosides, vitamin C, saponins, etc. have also been found
In medicine, Field Penny-cress is used due to the presence of many biologically active substances. However, today, as we have already discussed, not all the medicinal properties of this plant are known yet. Experimentally, the extract of the surface part of the Field Penny-cress has been found to have hemostatic properties and shows antibacterial activity. There is also data that preparations containing fennel have wound-healing, antimicrobial, astringent, anti-scurvy, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, anti-bleeding, disinfecting, diaphoretic, expectorant and tonic effects.
In folk medicine, fennel is a very popular remedy and has a very broad spectrum of effects - it is used to treat genital dysfunction, colds, purulent wounds, infectious diseases and skin diseases. In the people, this plant is used in cases of jaundice, gonorrhea, scarlet fever, angina pectoris and uterine bleeding. Its infusions and decoctions have long been used to treat gonorrhea and syphilis, restore the menstrual cycle and men's potency.
It is an excellent diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, wound healing, antimicrobial and purulent healing agent for scars and ulcers.
Most often, in folk medicine, Field Penny-cress is used for the treatment and prevention of diseases of the genital organs of women and men.
Purity money is used as a disinfectant, antihistamine, diuretic-hemostatic, antipyretic, blood-stopping, potency-stimulating and menstruation-accelerating agent.
A decoction of the seeds of Field Penny-cress is useful in case of atherosclerosis, diabetes, inflammation of the eyes, constipation. Fresh juice effectively helps fight skin warts and heals wounds. Preparations of the surface part of the plant remove toxic substances from the body well.
In folk medicine, fennel is used as a diuretic and male enhancement agent. The setting of the plant is used as an arousal in cases of impotence, as well as in case of infertility. The seeds of the plant are used to stimulate male sexual function. On the positive side, the action of Field Penny-cress seeds is quite fast. Accordingly, the plant can also be used to treat impotence.