Lesser Celandine – a small 10-20 cm tall plant, perennial ephemeroid. The stems and leaves are very soft, light green, bare, shiny, the shoots are almost dormant. It has two types of buds: one is on the roots, like tubers, and the other is at the base of the leaves.
The leaves are arranged alternately, without leaflets, on long petioles, round or almost round (2-4 cm in length and width), with relief, with a heart-shaped base.
Flowers one by one at the top of the stem, actinomorphic (symmetrical), quite large (25-35mm in diameter), bright yellow, with 6-9 elongated, shiny petals. A nectar container is placed at the base of the petals. The fruit is a cluster of nuts. Early flowering and vegetative plant (April-May).
The whole plant is considered medicinal, more often its surface part. The plant is harvested at the beginning of the flowering period. Dry it by spreading it in a thin layer on sieves. Ready drugs are stored in paper bags. Shelf life of drugs - 1 year.
You should know that the root buds, which are collected after the seeds of the plant have matured, are highly poisonous. The chemical composition of this plant has been studied relatively little or rather insufficiently. However, it is known that the leaves of the plant contain saponins, protoanemonin (anemonin in dried leaves), carotene, ascorbic acid. Starch, sugar found in the roots. The plant also contains the alkaloids cholerythrine and helidonine.
The Lesser Celandine has diuretic, expectorant, mild diarrhoea, anti-inflammatory, wound-healing, blood-cleansing properties. They help dissolve sputum in case of a strong cough.
In folk medicine, of course, the Lesser Celandine is much more important, it is used to treat many diseases - bronchitis, tracheids, constipation, hemorrhoids, skin rashes, diathesis, acne, gingivitis, stomatitis, polyarthritis, abrasions, wounds, etc. Folk healers use both the surface part of the plant, as well as the roots, but on the condition that the plant is young and has not started ripening seeds. Decoctions of various recipes with mazpureniti in the composition are used to treat skin warts and scabies.
The collected plant can be crushed, mixed with pig fat and used as an ointment, in Belarusian folk medicine, such an ointment is used in cases of snake bites. Tea from this plant is used for various skin diseases. By mixing the drugs of Lesser Celandine with the drugs of chamomile (1:1), you can make a decoction for baths to treat skin diseases locally, as well as sitz baths in case of hemorrhoids.
The mature Lesser Celandine is used to treat inflammatory diseases of the respiratory organs, especially bronchitis, with increased sputum production. The whole plant can be used as the first spring blood purifier.
By taking fresh roots of the plant and making extracts in lard or butter, an ointment is obtained, which can be applied as a compress to breast tumors and hemorrhoidal nodes. The ointment also acts as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent, from the breaking sensation in colds, scrofula, glandular tumors, acne and skin inflammation.
In folk medicine, decoctions of the surface part of the plant are used to rinse the oral cavity - in case of periodontitis and gum injuries, as well as for compresses and rinsing, this decoction is used to treat purulent and non-healing wounds.
A decoction of Lesser Celandine in milk is used in case of yellow disease, spring avitaminosis, bronchitis and diathesis. Folk healers recommend using the juice of the plant, mixed with milk, to purify the blood, as well as to supplement vitamin C.