Maiden Pink is a perennial plant of the carnation family, which reaches a height of 10-40 cm. It forms a thin creeping and branched root in the soil. Two types of above-ground shoots are formed from the rhizome - one is the one on which flowers are formed, they are sparsely leafy and the other is densely leafy, but flowers are not formed on them.
The pages are arranged oppositely. They are 1-3cm in length, 1-3mm on flower shoots. On non-flowering shoots, the leaves are also wider - up to 5 mm and more rounded.
The flower consists of five petals, the tips of the petals are toothed. There are dark red dots on the petals, which form a ring through all the petals. Flowers, usually, different shades of red, sometimes pinkish-purple. On the tops of the stems, one or more flowers together. The plant blooms from mid-June until autumn. The plant starts flowering at +15C and blooms for an average of 45 days.
The fruit is a dry seed pod. The seeds are small and numerous. When ripe, the box opens at the top and the seeds are sown. The plant likes sandy soil and well-lit places.
For medicinal purposes, the above-ground part of the plant is collected during flowering. Dry on sieves in a shaded and well-ventilated room. Stored for no longer than 2 years, in dense fabric bags or glass containers.
Saponins, coumarins, flavonoids, glycosides, ascorbic acid, carotene and alkaloid derivatives were found in the plant. No poisonous compounds have been found in this plant.
Maiden Pink has anti-hemorrhagic, analgesic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, diaphoretic, antispasmodic, anti-bacterial, expectorant, sedative, anti-toxic, diuretic and astringent properties.
It is often used in cases of uterine bleeding and hemorrhoidal bleeding. Maiden Pink preparations are known to increase the tone of the smooth muscles of the uterus without causing side effects. The plant is not toxic.
Externally, poultices and applications from this plant are also used in case of rheumatism and allergic reactions. They can also be used to treat phlegmon, rosacea, radiculitis and other joint diseases, bruises; You can also rinse non-healing wounds with the solution and wash your face with it to cleanse it of acne.
Basically, Maiden Pink are used only in folk medicine. The main medicinal property of the Maiden Pink is its ability to stop bleeding. However, it also has a calming effect, lowers arterial blood pressure, helps with kidney and bladder diseases, and is also used in mixtures to treat heart diseases.
Maiden Pink is used in folk medicine mainly to improve women's health - bleeding after childbirth (uterine atony), with excessively strong and long periods.
It can also be used orally for palpitations, as well as to relieve pain in the chest and stomach (oppressive feeling), kidney and bladder diseases, edema, scrofula, headaches, migraines, high blood pressure, and to relieve epileptic seizures. The plant will also help with nausea and vomiting.
is useful to drink during flu and colds, when you feel suffocating or the illness is accompanied by a severe cough.