Perennial plant, creeping stem in the lower part, further elevated. It grows up to 30 cm in height. The leaves are inverted ovate or inverted elongated, arranged oppositely, bluntly pointed at the top. Flowers on flower stalks pale violet, bluish, rarely soft pink or white. The flowers are arranged at the top of the plant in an upright cluster. Fruit a bipartite multi-seeded capsule. Seeds - short, up to 1 mm wide, compressed - curved. The plant begins to bloom at the beginning of summer and blooms until the end of summer.
is harvested for medicinal purposes throughout its flowering period. Harvest only the above-ground part of the plant. The plant is dried in forced dryers at a temperature of 35-40C, monitoring that the petals do not change their color, and that the plant does not crumble. The readiness of the plant is announced by a light and pleasant aroma, which is not present in a fresh plant. The plant can be stored for up to 2 years.
The chemical composition of this plant is considered to be little studied. However, the researchers found that
contains glycosides, essential oil, organic acids including citric acid, acetic acid, malic acid, tartaric acid and lactic acid, as well as phenolic carbonates. The plant also contains bitter substances and tannins. Also contains vitamin C, carotene, alkaloid derivatives and cardiac glycosides.
has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, diaphoretic, secretolytic, bleeding-stopping, anti-allergic, reparative effects. The plant is able to regulate the metabolism of carbohydrates, preparations of the plant increase appetite and secretion of gastric juice. The healing properties of
also include analgesic, anti-helminth and anti-fever properties. The plant has a polyvalent effect. Decoctions and infusions of the plant improve metabolism, prevent the effects of skin diseases.
In folk medicine,
is most often used to treat tracheitis, dry cough, bronchitis and asthma, as well as colds. The plant is very useful in case of gastritis (with reduced acidity). Settlements and decoctions are drunk in case of the digestive tract, stimulating its activity, as well as in case of gastritis, diarrhea, heartburn and gout.
is one of those herbs that are used in mixtures designed to break up kidney stones and bladder stones! It is also good for treating uterine bleeding and headaches. It is recommended to use
to alleviate climacteric symptoms. Wounds and bruises are also treated with
, in this case using plant compresses. The decoction can also be used in baths to treat diathesis, eczema, skin fungal diseases, non-healing and purulent wounds, skin itching, inflammation and itching in the genital area. Dry powder from this plant is used to heal abrasions.
Mainly used to treat prostatitis.