Large and perennial plants, which often reach 2-2.5 m in height. It has a large, thick, branched rhizome of brown color, which has a specific smell. Stem erect, grooved, glabrous, hollow. The leaves are arranged alternately, dark green, shiny. The flowers are small, yellow-green or white-yellow arranged in complex shield-shaped inflorescences. The fruits are elliptical, yellow-brown two-seeded drupes. Lovage blooms from June to September, the fruits begin to ripen in September. Propagated by seeds and dividing the bush. It is a completely frost-resistant plant. The whole plant has its own special aroma, similar to the smell of celery.
For medicinal purposes, the above-ground part of an annual plant is collected in autumn, the roots are collected in the second year, in autumn. The roots are dug and rinsed in running water. Cut lengthwise and dry at a temperature of 30-35C. Dried roots are stored in closed containers, as they are also eaten by various pests. It is good to know that, when drying Lovage , it is preferable to dry it separately from other plants - because it has a strong and specific smell.
All parts of the plant contain essential oil (0.1-2.7%), which contains up to 98 components, including D-alpha-terpineol, cineole, acetic acid, isobalderic acid, benzoic acid, butylphthalide, ligustilide (which also determines the specific smell). In addition to the already mentioned substances, lecithin (up to 0.9%), falcarindiol (0.06%), resins, gums, organic acids (angelic and malic acids), starch, sugar, terpenes: alpha-terpeniol, carvacrol, sesquiterpenes, isobaldrianic acid can be found in the roots of the
. , furocoumarins (psoralen and berhapten), tannins and minerals; leaves - large amounts of ascorbic acid. The above-ground part of the plant contains ascorbic acid, carotene, bitter substances, rutin, which has vitamin P activity, as well as various trace elements.
Medicinal bark has an antispasmodic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, disinfecting, diuretic and expectorant effect, as well as improves digestion and appetite, preventing flatulence. It also helps to remove excess salts from the body. The roots have antibacterial activity, stimulate appetite, prevent intestinal colic, have a carminative and diuretic effect.
In folk medicine, the roots of the Lovage are used to prevent edema, pyelonephritis, urinary retention, heart diseases, respiratory system diseases, gout, migraine, rheumatism, anemia, tension of the nervous system. It also helps as a wound healer and intestinal parasite expeller.
Lovage infusion and decoction have a diuretic, disinfecting, antispasmodic effect on the intestinal tract, as well as increase the secretion of gastric juice. A decoction of the roots is recommended for sexual impotence in men, especially if the impotence is caused by alcohol, smoking or medical preparations.
Lovage can also be used externally, making decoctions of it for baths to treat itchy dermatitis, as a disinfectant and anti-inflammatory agent. A decoction of the roots is used to strengthen hair. In case of hair loss, the juice or decoction of the plant is rubbed into the scalp. The leaf extract can be used against acne, freckles and pigmentation spots.
If you like to smoke or drink alcohol, then this plant is just what you need. Preparations of the root of the plant will help improve erection and also increase sexual arousal. This plant can also be called natural viagra, and it also has a medicinal effect - its preparations will also treat impotence and prostatitis, as well as various consequences of testicular infection.
is used in case of damage to the testicles caused by infection - parotitis, toxoplasmosis, brucellosis, tularemia.